Just when designers thought they'd seen every style and style combination possible, along came industrial. This groundbreaking combo of raw and refined barreled out of the converted warehouses and factories of big metropolises and influenced modern decor in a powerful way.
1.0 How Industrial Style Started
With the lack of affordable housing in large cities, enterprising people found a way to turn abandoned industrial spaces into apartments. This trend is thought to have started in Lower Manhattan, in the late 1960s when artistic types rented the spaces as studios and then turned them into their homes. Because they were working from scratch in what was a large skeleton of a building, the usual methods of creating living spaces didn't apply. They used this blank canvas to chop the big areas into lofts – large, open apartments with few (if any) internal walls, high ceilings and, often, floor-to-ceiling windows. They kept the industrial bones of the buildings by incorporating their functional features: exposed piping, ventilator tubes, support beams and poles, and wood or concrete floors.
2.0 Key Elements of Industrial Style
2.1 Open layout
Interior walls were, more or less, optional in the first loft conversions, leaving a large open space with no defining structure. The answer was to define the space with objects: Kitchen cabinets and appliances demarcated the kitchen, the bed and storage shelving were the bedroom, and couches and chairs bracketed the entertaining area. Strategic placement of rugs and other flooring helped indicate the different areas of the home. Any interior barriers were usually temporary screens or rolling walls that could be placed where needed.
2.2 Exposed structural and mechanical elements
Because it was costly to build in or cover up industrial remnants such as pipes and ductwork, these were left in place and became a defining feature of the style. Exposed brick walls, ceiling beams and concrete or wood floors were kept as a reminder of the original purpose of the building.Metal and wood are the two materials that are left after a business vacates its industrial space, and these became an integral part of industrial style. No other style is identified so strongly with metal elements. Wood adds warmth and texture, while metal is sleek and modern.
2.3 Metal and Wood
Metal and wood are the two materials that are left after a business vacates its industrial space, and these became an integral part of an industrial style. No other style is identified so strongly with metal elements. Wood adds warmth and texture, while metal is sleek and modern.
2.4 Neutral Colors
In keeping with the simple aesthetic of industrial style, the color palette tends toward warm neutrals. Warm colors like browns and tans soften the industrial edge to make the space more inviting, and neutral tones don't distract the eye from the exposed elements.
Industrial Style's Evolution
Nowadays, industrial style is popular in many more living places than just warehouses converted to lofts. Purpose-built buildings that emulate authentic lofts can be found in most cities, and many elements of industrial style have made their way into other, more traditional housing.