In the last two weeks, we have explored 7 elements of interior design (Space, Line, Forms, Light, Color, Texture and Pattern) the foundation of any interior design in our article. In this article, we will be going to explore the 7 principles of interior design that define the ways about 7 elements must be used. Let’s know about 7 principles of interior design and understand their significance in the world of interior design!
As the name implies, the principles of Unity stresses on the fact that there should be a sense of uniformity or harmony among all the 7 elements used. Interior design should serve as a visual guide for one's understanding of living space. Without uniformity, visual guides can only be confusing. All the elements used should complement one another and a smooth transition should exist from one to another. A good understanding of Alignment of objects, Similarity of color/pattern/texture, Proximity (spacing) of objects, Repetition (grouping) of elements based on similarity, Continuation and Overlapping of interior design elements are a few ways to achieve ‘Unity’ in an interior design arrangement.
The principle of balance is an ordered distribution of elements of equal visual weight to achieve a visual balance. The balance can only be achieved when the visual weight of the element is uniformly distributed along the central axis or point, both of which may be true or imaginary. The balance can be achieved in three common ways, that is, symmetric, asymmetric, and radial. In the case of symmetry, the space is divided into two equal halves, centered on the central axis, and the two halves are equally compensated to give a quiet feeling to the living space. In the case of an asymmetry, any odd number of elements may be used by holding an imaginary central axis as a focal point. Although an asymmetric balance is difficult to achieve compared to a symmetric balance, the output is more natural and energy compared to the former. The radial balance involves a central piece, such as a chandelier or a round table, and all other elements look round and symmetrically.
The principle of rhythm essentially refers to a kind of interrelated movement between different elements in interior design. This exercise is essential to maintain visual rhythm between elements of different visual weights. Elements are repeated in an orderly way, and the space between them creates a sense of rhythm. In any living space, rhythm can be achieved by repetition, alternation and progress. Repetition refers to the reuse of design elements, such as colors, texture and patterns, or any other physical properties, such as home decoration items, in an orderly manner. Alternation is a way to create rhythm by alternating two or more elements in a predefined way, such as ABABAB or ABCABC, and so on. In the course of progress, elements are arranged in ascending or descending order, or their size, color gradient or any other salient features.
As the name implies, it emphasizes the principle of interior design, that is, the central part of an art or furniture must play a role of focus, or pay attention to a particular living space. Elements such as colors, patterns, and texture must be used to emphasize specific focus. In fact, these elements must be used by the focal point leading the rest of the equipment and pulling the rooms together. Other projects around the focal point must complement the latter and compare it with it, focusing on the highest priority.
Contrast refers to the difference in brightness or color of objects that distinguishes them from each other. In interior design, contrast can be realized by three elements: color, form and space. A person can use pillows or two opposite colors, such as black and white, to make a difference between an object. Comparison can also be achieved by combining two or more forms, for example, one can combine a circular mirror with a rectangular sofa to balance and distract attention between the two terms. The comparison of living space can also be realized by effectively dividing the available space into the available positive and negative space.
6. Scale and Proportion
The principle of proportion and proportion ensures that objects placed in space appear to belong to each other. It is the size, shape or color of objects, should be harmonious between them, and must be proportional. For example, a high ceiling environment means that high rising furniture should be preferred for low-rise furniture such as Osman. In addition, under the filled pillow, the big sofa looks empty and, in the case of being visited, destroys the harmony and proportion that should have existed.
The details are like cherries on ice cream. They seem to be extra, but without cherries, ice cream is not complete! Whether it is the small embroidery on the pillowcase or the color in these embroidery patterns, each detail will add a little life to the whole interior design and add unique features to the whole composition. Once you are sure that you have completed all the above principles, it will take time to take over and beautify the place.